UGC (University Grants Commission) – এর তত্ত্বাবধানে প্রতি বছর সমগ্র ভারতবর্ষব্যাপী ‘NET’ অথবা National Eligibility Test exam হয়। এই পরীক্ষায় পাশ করলে ভারতের বিভিন্ন মহাবিদ্যালয় ও বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়গুলিতে শিক্ষকতা করার সুযোগ পাওয়া যায় অ্যাসিস্ট্যান্ট টিচার হিসাবে এবং যে বছর পরীক্ষা হচ্ছে সেই বছরের নির্ধারিত cut off নম্বর অনুযায়ী সর্বচ্চ নম্বর প্রাপ্ত কিছু পরীক্ষার্থী JRF (Junior Research Fellowship) -এর সার্টিফিকেট পান।

NET পরীক্ষাটিকে ২টি Paper- এ ভাগ করা হয়। PAPER-1 এর বিষয়বস্তু হল General Paper Of Teaching(GTA) ও PAPER-2 তে থাকে বিষয় ভিত্তিক প্রশ্ন, অর্থাৎ যে পরীক্ষার্থী যে বিষয়ের শিক্ষক-শিক্ষিকা হতে ইচ্ছুক তাকে সেই নির্দিষ্ট বিষয়ের উপর ভিত্তি করে PAPER-2 পরীক্ষা দিতে হবে। PAPER-2 র জন্য প্রায় ১০০র বেশি Main Subject নির্ধারন করা হয়েছে। প্রতিটি Subject-কে ১০টি Unit-এ ভাগ করা হয়। UGC-এর নির্দেশিকা অনুযায়ী যে পরীক্ষার্থী যে বিষয় নিয়ে Post Graduation করবে বা করেছে তাকে সেই বিষয়ের উপরেই PAPER-2 এর Exam দিতে হবে। আজ আমরা এখানে এই UGC পরিচালিত নেট (NET/JRF) পরীক্ষার Syllabus নিয়ে আলোচনা করবো।

UGC Net Exam Syllabus

UGC নেট (NET/JRF) Syllabus –

UGC নেট (NET/JRF) Paper-1 Syllabus

নেট (NET/JRF) exam- এর PAPER-1 এর বিষয়বস্তু হল General Paper Of Teaching (GTA)। এই GTA- এর Syllabus- টিকে যে ১০টি ভাগে বা unit-এ ভাগ করা হয়েছে, সে গুলি হল-

  1. Teaching Aptitude
  2. Research Aptitude
  3. Comprehension
  4. Communication
  5. Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude
  6.  Logical Reasoning (LR)
  7. Data Interpretation (DI)
  8. Information Communication Technology(ICT)
  9. People Development and Environment
  10. Higher Education System

Unit-I (Teaching Aptitude):

  1. Teaching: Concept, Objectives, Levels of teaching (Memory, Understanding and Reflective), Characteristics and basic requirements. 
  2. Learner’s characteristics: Characteristics of adolescent and adult learners (Academic, Social, Emotional and Cognitive), Individual differences.
  3. Factors affecting teaching related to Teacher, Learner, Support material, Instructional facilities, Learning environment and Institution.
  4. Methods of teaching in Institutions of higher learning: Teacher centered vs. Learner centered methods; Off-line vs. On-line methods (Swayam, Swayamprabha, MOOCs etc.).
  5. Teaching Support System: Traditional, Modern and ICT based.
  6. Evaluation Systems: Elements and Types of evaluation, Evaluation in Choice Based Credit System in Higher education, Computer based testing, Innovations in evaluation systems.

Unit-II (Research Aptitude):

  1. Research: Meaning, Types, and Characteristics, Positivism and Post positivism approach to research.
  2. Methods of Research: Experimental, Descriptive, Historical, Qualitative and Quantitative methods.
  3. Steps of Research.
  4. Thesis and Article writing: Format and styles of referencing. 
  5. Application of ICT in research.
  6. Research ethics.

Unit-III (Comprehension):

A passage of text be given. Questions be asked from the passage to be answered. (যে কোনো লেখনির একটি অংশ দেওয়া হবে এবং সেই লেখনির উপর ভিত্তি করে প্রশ্ন আসবে।)

Unit-IV (Communication):

  1. Communication: Meaning, types and characteristics of communication.
  2. Effective communication: Verbal and Non-verbal, Inter-Cultural and group communications, Classroom communication.
  3. Barriers to effective communication.
  4. Mass-Media and Society.

Unit-V (Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude):

  1. Types of reasoning.
  2. Number series, Letter series, Codes and Relationships.
  3. Mathematical Aptitude (Fraction, Time & Distance, Ratio, Proportion and Percentage, Profit and Loss, Interest and Discounting, Averages etc.).

Unit-VI [Logical Reasoning (LR)]:

  1. Understanding the structure of arguments: argument forms, structure of categorical propositions, Mood and Figure, Formal and Informal fallacies, Uses of language, Connotations and denotations of terms, Classical square of opposition.
  2. Evaluating and distinguishing deductive and inductive reasoning. 
  3. Analogies. 
  4. Venn diagram: Simple and multiple use for establishing validity of arguments.
  5. Indian Logic: Means of knowledge.
  6. Pramanas: Pratyaksha (Perception), Anumana (Inference), Upamana (Comparison), Shabda (Verbal testimony), Arthapatti (Implication) and Anupalabddhi (Non-apprehension).
  7. Structure and kinds of Anumana (inference), Vyapti (invariable relation), Hetvabhasas (fallacies of inference).

Unit-VII [Data Interpretation (DI)]:

  1. Sources, acquisition and classification of Data.
  2. Quantitative and Qualitative Data.
  3. Graphical representation (Bar-chart, Histograms, Pie-chart, Table-chart and Line-chart) and mapping of Data.
  4. Data Interpretation.
  5. Data and Governance. 

Unit-VIII [Information Communication Technology(ICT)]:

  1. ICT: General abbreviations and terminology.
  2. Basics of Internet, Intranet, E-mail, Audio and Video-conferencing.
  3. Digital initiatives in higher education.
  4. ICT and Governance

Unit-IX (People Development and Environment):

  1. Development and environment: Millennium development and Sustainable development goals.
  2. Human and environment interaction: Anthropogenic activities and their impacts on the environment.
  3. Environmental issues: Local, Regional and Global; Air pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution, Noise pollution, Waste (solid, liquid, biomedical, hazardous, electronic), Climate change and its Socio-Economic and Political dimensions.
  4. Impacts of pollutants on human health.
  5. Natural and energy resources: Solar, Wind, Soil, Hydro, Geothermal, Biomass, Nuclear and Forests.
  6. Natural hazards and disasters: Mitigation strategies.

Environmental Protection Act (1986): National Action Plan on Climate Change, International agreements/efforts -Montreal Protocol, Rio Summit, Convention on Biodiversity, Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement, International Solar Alliance.

 Unit-X (Higher Education System):

  1. Institutions of higher learning and education in ancient India.
  2. Evolution of higher learning and research in Post Independence India.
  3. Oriental, Conventional and Non-conventional learning programmer in India.
  4. Professional, Technical and Skill Based education.
  5. Value education and environmental education.
  6. Policies, Governance, and Administration.


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